1Chapter 15Language and the BrainLanguage and the brainNeurolinguistics: field that studies the relationship between language and the brainNeurologistsPsychologistsSpeech-language pathologistsNeuroanatomyHuman nervous system:BrainSpinal cordBrainCerebrum, which is the main mass of the brain, Brainstem, group of important structures at the base of the brain, that connect the brain to the spinal cordCerebellum, attached to the back of the brainstem and is important for coordination of movements
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2BrainBrain’s most basic functionsCausing movementProcessing sensationThe brain sends motor commands to the muscles of the body by way of the brainstem and spinal cord, and the spinal cord transmits sensory info like touch and pain from various parts of the body.HemispheresCerebrum Right hemisphereLeft hemisphere This is what is meant when people refer to right brain versus left brain. Primary motor cortex (M1)Posterior parietal cortexPremotor cortex(PMA)Supplementarymotor cortex(SMA)