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Ch_15 - Chapter 15 Language and the Brain Language and the...

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1 Chapter 15 Language and the Brain Language and the brain Neurolinguistics: field that studies the relationship between language and the brain Neurologists Psychologists Speech-language pathologists Neuroanatomy Human nervous system: Brain Spinal cord Brain Cerebrum, which is the main mass of the brain, Brainstem, group of important structures at the base of the brain, that connect the brain to the spinal cord Cerebellum, attached to the back of the brainstem and is important for coordination of movements
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2 Brain Brain’s most basic functions Causing movement Processing sensation The brain sends motor commands to the muscles of the body by way of the brainstem and spinal cord, and the spinal cord transmits sensory info like touch and pain from various parts of the body. Hemispheres Cerebrum Right hemisphere Left hemisphere This is what is meant when people refer to right brain versus left brain. Primary motor cortex (M1) Posterior parietal cortex Premotor cortex (PMA) Supplementary motor cortex (SMA)
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