Ch_20 - Chapter 20 Language Varieties Standard English...

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1 Chapter 20 Language Varieties Standard English ± Standard English is the form of English that is: ± Used in newspapers and books ± Taught in schools ± Used by the mass media ± Taught to native speakers of other languages Accent v. Dialect ± Accent: the description of aspects of pronunciation and intonation which identify where an individual speaker is from, regionally or socially. ± Dialect: a more general term referring to pronunciation patterns and the features of grammar and vocabulary that are particular to a given variety of a language.
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2 Dialect ± A dialect is a systematic variety of a language specific to a particular region or social class. ± An idiolect is the specific linguistic system of a particular speaker. ± The rule of thumb is that different dialects are mutually intelligible but different languages are not. Linguistic Atlases ± Pg 230 in book ± Developed in the early 1900s ± Show the distribution of dialects by identifying consistent features of speech in various regions ± In some sense, these atlases were outdated by the time they were printed because the linguists
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Ch_20 - Chapter 20 Language Varieties Standard English...

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