Ch_21 - Chapter 21 Language, Society, and Culture...

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1 Chapter 21 Language, Society, and Culture Sociolingusitics ± Sociolinguistics: the study of the interrelationships between language and society. Social dialects ± Social dialects: varieties of language used by groups defined according to social class, education, age, sex, and other social parameters.
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2 Social dialects ± Overt prestige : the generally recognized “better” or positively valued ways of speaking in social communities. ± Covert prestige : a “hidden” positive value attached to non-standard forms and expressions by certain sub-groups (use of non-standard forms as markers of social solidarity within the subgroup). Variables Affecting Social Dialects ± Social Class ± Education ± Age ± Gender Social class and education ± Labov study on differences in pronunciation among salespeople at 3 NY dept stores: Saks (high status), Macy’s (middle status) and Klien’s (low status). ± He found that the higher the prestige of the store, the more /r/ sounds were produced (higher v. lowah social class).
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3 Age and gender ± Systematic gender differences: ± Females tend to use more prestigious forms than males (same
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Ch_21 - Chapter 21 Language, Society, and Culture...

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