Lecture4 - Federalism - Student

Lecture4 - Federalism - Student -...

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Federalism: A division of labor Matisoff Pol 1101 Lecture 5
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national govt Mandated by Constitution In other countries: is it best to have federal govt involved. In this country: does the federal govt have the right to be involved? Over time, national govt power has increased Defining Federalism Not just federal & state; but local, provincial, municipal, county levels of government Many other countries have federal structures: Germany, India, Spain, Australia, Canada, Switzerland Some don’t: UK, France, Italy, Sweden
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American Federalism Much of the money spent in Washington, many of the rules are enforced upon the states Transportation, welfare, healthcare are mandates to states from Washington, with some funding provided Education, policing, land-use controls primarily local (city, county, special district) functions Positive views of Federalism (Madison, Elazar) States are laboratories for policy experimentation Political flexibility allows policies to align with local conditions Preserves individual liberty Negative views of Federalism
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Local control & local power may often mean corruption, segregation, protection of vested On the other hand, it also allows for NIMBY politics, it allows local use & planning, & local determination Without federalism, it is unlikely that a small group of Southern senators could have blocked Civil Rights legislation for such a long time
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History of Federalism Civil War settled only supremacy of national
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course MATHEMATIC Math 101 taught by Professor Davis during the Spring '10 term at Central GA Tech.

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Lecture4 - Federalism - Student -...

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