lecture10-student - InterestGroups Whyinterestgroups The...

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Interest Groups Lecture 11 – Matisoff POL1101
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Why interest groups? “The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man” – Federalist 10 But Madison argued that you couldn’t control them, just balance them out by having lots of them Cleavages in society: 72 “major” religions, regions Interest groups multiplied by pluralism – many points of access In UK, few interest groups because few points of decision-making 1 organization for each interest in UK; in U.S. – many organizations for each
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History of Interest Groups 1960s and 1970s boom years Date back further 1770s American independence 1830s 40s – Religious associations 1860s anti-slavery; trade unions; farmers; fraternal organizations 1880s 90s business organizations 1900 – 1920 – famous organizations: Chamber of Commerce; National Association of manufacturers; American Medical Association; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Urban League; American
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Why do interest groups form? (macro) Broad economic developments that create new interests Increasing productivity of farms & development of cash crops Mass production Government policy creates interest groups Wars create veterans, who demand pensions, healthcare, etc. Professional associations given authority for licensing Result of policy entrepreneurs, at time of major social movements
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Types of interest groups Institutional interests
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course MATHEMATIC Math 101 taught by Professor Davis during the Spring '10 term at Central GA Tech.

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lecture10-student - InterestGroups Whyinterestgroups The...

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