Lecture13 - Bureaucracy - Student

Lecture13 - Bureaucracy - Student - Bureaucracy Lecture13...

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Bureaucracy Lecture 13 Matisoff – POL 1101
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Defining the Bureaucracy Connotation vs. Definition A large complex organization composed of appointed officials No one person can make all decisions Examples: Universities Corporations Executive Branch Congress Why do people harbor such negative feelings?
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Distinctiveness of American Bureaucracy Ubiquitous throughout all governments American system is unique Shared responsibility across institutions UK – bureaucrats work for department ministers, who are members of parliament and dominated by prime minister US – bureaucrats report to both President and Congress (and Congress is really composed of many organizations)
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Distinctiveness of American Bureaucracy (2) Complicated by Federal system Bureaucrats share responsibility with state & local agencies; local governance and local control complicates matters immensely Adversarial nature of bureaucratic power in U.S. Constant public scrutiny of role of government Constant challenges to bureaucratic decisions in court EPA / OSHA regulations – constantly challenged Smaller role of publicly owned corporations Other countries have (or, used to have) many publicly
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The Growth of the Bureaucracy “ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law.” Madison – 1789 – Created Department of State Argued that President needed ability to fire at will All cabinet offices subsequently created would be run by those removeable by the President
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The Service Role of the Bureaucracy Between 1816 – 1860, 8x increase in # of employees (mainly post office) Civil war & industrialization led to huge expansion of govt: Railroads Interstate Commerce 1861 – 1901 200K! New employees (only half post-office) Pension Office Dept of Labor to serve workers Dept of Commerce to serve businesses Goal to serve, not to regulate Research, gather statistics, distribute land
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Developing a regulatory role for the bureaucracy American commitment to Laissez-faire
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course MATHEMATIC Math 101 taught by Professor Davis during the Spring '10 term at Central GA Tech.

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Lecture13 - Bureaucracy - Student - Bureaucracy Lecture13...

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