33869014-Multinational-Capital-Budgeting - Chapter 14...

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Chapter 14 Multinational Capital Budgeting Lecture Outline Subsidiary versus Parent Perspective Tax Differentials Restricted Remittances Excessive Remittances Exchange Rate Movements Input for Multinational Capital Budgeting Multinational Capital Budgeting Example Background Analysis Factors to Consider in Multinational Capital Budgeting Exchange Rate Fluctuations Inflation Financing Arrangement Blocked Funds Uncertain Salvage Value Impact of Project on Prevailing Cash Flows Host Government Incentives Real Options Adjusting Project Assessment for Risk Risk-Adjusted Discount Rate Sensitivity Analysis Simulation 209
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210 International Financial Management Chapter Theme This chapter identifies additional considerations in multinational capital budgeting versus domestic capital budgeting. These considerations can either be explained briefly or illustrated with the use of an example. Topics to Stimulate Class Discussion 1. Create an idea for a firm to expand its operations overseas. Provide the industry of the firm. Given this information, students should be requested to list all information that needs to be gathered in order to conduct a capital budgeting analysis. 2. How should a firm adjust the capital budgeting analysis for investment in a country where the currency is extremely volatile? 3. How should a firm adjust the capital budgeting for investment in a country where the chance of a government takeover is relatively high? POINT/COUNTER-POINT Should MNCs Use Forward Rates to Estimate Dollar Cash Flows of Foreign Projects? POINT: Yes. An MNC’s parent should use the forward rate for each year in which it will receive net cash flows in a foreign currency. The forward rate is market-determined and serves as a useful forecast for future years. COUNTER-POINT: No. An MNC should use its own forecasts for each year in which it will receive net cash flows in a foreign currency. If the forward rates for future time periods are higher than the MNC’s expected spot rates, the MNC may accept a project that it should not accept. WHO IS CORRECT? Use InfoTrac or some other search engine to learn more about this issue. Which argument do you support? Offer your own opinion on this issue. ANSWER: An MNC should only use the forward rate in place of its expectations if it plans to hedge its net cash flows in future periods. Of course, it must also consider the possibility of over-hedging its future net cash flows in foreign currencies if it uses this strategy. When it assesses a project and does not hedge, it should use its expected spot rates. However, it should compare its expected spot rates to the forward rates and assess whether any large deviations of its expectations from the forward rate make sense. Answers to End of Chapter Questions
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33869014-Multinational-Capital-Budgeting - Chapter 14...

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