foren_scope_limits_08

foren_scope_limits_08 - ForensicNeuropsychology S cope a nd...

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    Forensic Neuropsychology Forensic Neuropsychology Scope and Limits of Scope and Limits of Neuropsychological Testimony Neuropsychological Testimony May 29, 2008 May 29, 2008
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Class Topics  Class Topics  Description of criminal and civil process Professional and ethical issues for neuro- psychologists and other mental health  experts Issues discussions: Should mental health practitioners be experts? Is our science sufficiently advanced? Ethical scenarios and solutions
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Criminal Proceedings Criminal Proceedings Detention for probable cause (40-50% certainty) Booking at police station Initial hearing 48-72 hrs Defense motions and  discovery Prima Facie showing Arraignment Trial Disposition Appeal Collateral Attack Dispositional Review Post-sentence Treatment Hearings
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Civil Proceedings Civil Proceedings Complaint Pretrial Motions Discovery pretrial depositions interrogatories requests to produce Settlement or Trial civil jury returns majority verdict federal court:  unanimous unless stipulated  beforehand
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Common Law and Statutory Duties  Common Law and Statutory Duties  of Evaluator I:  Confidentiality of Evaluator I:  Confidentiality Normal caveats regarding confidentiality do  not normally apply; has implications for  outcome of evaluation When defendant raises mental issue,  generally forfeits right to doctor-patient  privilege Confidentiality and prior treaters What patients must be told (see next slide) Who is the client?
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Common Law and Statutory Duties  Common Law and Statutory Duties  II:  Clarifying Relationships II:  Clarifying Relationships Must clarify for all one’s various loyalties and  obligations (e.g., philosophical opposition to  death penalty) Must specify: who has asked you to perform evaluation purpose of evaluation who will see report potential future activities (e.g., deposition, trial  testimony) Should assess patient’s understanding of these  issues
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Common Law and Statutory  Common Law and Statutory  Duties III:  Tarasoff Duty Duties III:  Tarasoff Duty Duty to warn in the event of dangerousness General Guidelines: person in danger must be named or evident  (doesn’t apply to overly general threats) notification of police, not necessarily direct  warning of person, is permissible Question:  Do you warn in a non-Tarasoff  state?
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Common Law and Statutory Duties  Common Law and Statutory Duties  IV:  Freedom of Choice to  IV:  Freedom of Choice to  Participate Participate Normally a part of clinical service delivery,  informed  consent   is minimally relevant to forensic evaluations
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