forensic_intro_final_08

forensic_intro_final_08 - ForensicNeuropsychology...

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Forensic Neuropsychology Forensic Neuropsychology Introduction to the Legal System Introduction to the Legal System May 15, 2008 May 15, 2008
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Law and Mental Health Domains of interaction Competency » Criminal » Civil Criminal responsibility Mental injury Juvenile, family matters Mental health professionals as experts Law-mental health organizations American Psychology-Law Society (APA Div. 41) American Academy of Forensic Psychology
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Lawyer-Psychologist Interactions Lawyer-Psychologist Interactions Training Issues few psychologists with specific legal training few lawyers knowledgeable about psychology Attitudinal Differences emphasis on civil liberties vs. trying to help Free-Will vs. Determinism Simple vs. Multiple Causation
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When Worlds Collide When Worlds Collide Psychologists and attorneys often  operate according to   different  philosophies Psychologists and attorneys frequently   use evidence differently Psychologists and attorneys often have   different ideas about causation Psychologists and attorneys operate  according to   different rules  
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Paradigm Conflicts Paradigm Conflicts Free Will vs. Determinism can’t differentiate behavior which is  “forced” or “overborne” vs. freely chosen example:  “voluntary” behavior and the law  of effect example:  “voluntary” intoxication
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Probability Conflicts Probability Conflicts Psychological “proof” is probabilistic, rarely absolute Legal “proof” is probabilistic, then absolute Preponderance of evidence (51%) Clear and convincing evidence ( 75%) Beyond a reasonable doubt (95%) After burden is met, decision is binary and absolute (absolutely guilty, absolutely liable, etc.)
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Paradigm Conflicts (cont’d) Paradigm Conflicts (cont’d) Process of Fact-Finding cooperative (behavioral science) vs. adversarial  (law) law seeks to render justice, not necessarily seek  the truth (persuasion may incorporate only  favorable findings) differences in reliance on past information or  history (e.g., past criminal behavior) Relevance of Diagnosis diagnosis important in clinical care, but largely  irrelevant to mental health law (except that a  diagnosis exists)
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Definition of Expert Witness Individual with scientific, technical, or other specialized  knowledge or technical who, by nature of knowledge, skill,  experience, education, or training is qualified to render opinions  (or otherwise) that will assist the trier of fact (i.e., judge, jury) in  reaching an appropriate decision in the legal matter at hand.   Lay witnesses are allowed to testify only as to their experiences  (perceptions, observations, memories).  Expert witnesses can  testify as to opinions. Expert testimony must be
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course CLP 7934 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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forensic_intro_final_08 - ForensicNeuropsychology...

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