suhr_diagnosis_threat_2002

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This article was downloaded by:[University of Florida] On: 6 May 2008 Access Details: [subscription number 788830609] Publisher: Psychology Press Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713657736 "Diagnosis Threat": The Effect of Negative Expectations on Cognitive Performance in Head Injury Julie A. Suhr; John Gunstad Online Publication Date: 01 June 2002 To cite this Article: Suhr, Julie A. and Gunstad, John (2002) '"Diagnosis Threat": The Effect of Negative Expectations on Cognitive Performance in Head Injury', Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24:4, 448 — 457 To link to this article: DOI: 10.1076/jcen.24.4.448.1039 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1076/jcen.24.4.448.1039 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.informaworld.com/terms-and-conditions-of-access.pdf This article maybe used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.
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Downloaded By: [University of Florida] At: 14:15 6 May 2008 ‘‘Diagnosis Threat’’: The Effect of Negative Expectations on Cognitive Performance in Head Injury Julie A. Suhr and John Gunstad Department of Psychology, Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA ABSTRACT The present study examined the effect of negative expectations on neuropsychological test performance. It was hypothesized that having attention called to a history of prior head injury and the potential effects of head injury on cognition would result in diminished neuropsychological test performance relative to individuals with a similar head injury history but who did not have their attention called to their head injury history (‘diagnosis threat’). Of 36 participants with a history of mild head injury, 17 were randomly assigned to diagnosis threat and 19 to neutral test directions. The diagnosis threat group performed significantly worse on tests measuring general intellect and memory, but were not different from the neutral group in basic attention or psychomotor speed. The diagnosis threat group rated themselves as putting forth less effort on the neuropsychological battery, and self-rated effort correlated with test performance in that group. Overall,
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course CLP 7934 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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suhr_diagnosis_threat_2002 - This article was downloaded...

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