cog_intro_08 - 1 Cognitive Bases of Behavior Introduction...

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1 1 Cognitive Bases of Behavior Introduction and Historical Background August 28, 2008 2 Cognitive Psychology • Concerned with full range of psychological processes from sensation to knowledge representation • Dominated since 1970’s by the information processing model •D om a i n s – experimental psychology – cognitive neuropsychology cognitive science – cognitive neuroscience • What does this have to do with clinical or counseling or developmental or school psychology or speech pathology or exercise physiology or…? 3 4 Key Themes/Continua in the Study of Cognitive Psychology Key Themes/Continua in the Study of Cognitive Psychology • Nature v. nurture • Rationalism v. empiricism • Structures v. processes • Domain generality v. domain specificity • Internal v. external (ecological) validity • Applied v. basic research • Biological v. behavioral methods 5 Structures vs. Processes Structures components of cognitive apparatus that represent the organization of mental entities – are largely metaphorical and static – examples: filters, lexicons, storage systems, trees Processes – systems of operations or functions that analyze, transform, or change mental events – are active, dynamic – examples: inhibition, forgetting, encoding, problem-solving 6 Historical Antecedents Historical Antecedents Philosophy : concerned with understanding experience through introspection - rational Physiology: scientific understanding of life-sustaining processes in living matter - empirical 7 Rationalism vs. Empiricism Plato: theory of forms, reality resides not in concrete objects, but in the abstract forms (ideas) they represent - forerunner of rationalism; this idea picked up again by Descartes in 17th century; idea of innate knowledge Aristotle:
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2 8 Structuralism vs. Functionalism Structuralism: understand basic parts (akin to anatomy) of the mind (e.g., Wundt) Functionalism:
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course CLP 7934 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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cog_intro_08 - 1 Cognitive Bases of Behavior Introduction...

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