{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

cog_intro_08 - 1 Cognitive Bases of Behavior Introduction...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 Cognitive Bases of Behavior Introduction and Historical Background August 28, 2008 2 Cognitive Psychology Concerned with full range of psychological processes from sensation to knowledge representation Dominated since 1970’s by the information processing model • Domains experimental psychology cognitive neuropsychology cognitive science cognitive neuroscience What does this have to do with clinical or counseling or developmental or school psychology or speech pathology or exercise physiology or…? 3 4 Key Themes/Continua in the Study of Cognitive Psychology Key Themes/Continua in the Study of Cognitive Psychology • Nature v. nurture • Rationalism v. empiricism • Structures v. processes • Domain generality v. domain specificity • Internal v. external (ecological) validity • Applied v. basic research • Biological v. behavioral methods 5 Structures vs. Processes Structures components of cognitive apparatus that represent the organization of mental entities are largely metaphorical and static – examples: filters, lexicons, storage systems, trees Processes systems of operations or functions that analyze, transform, or change mental events are active, dynamic – examples: inhibition, forgetting, encoding, problem-solving 6 Historical Antecedents Historical Antecedents Philosophy : concerned with understanding experience through introspection - rational Physiology: scientific understanding of life-sustaining processes in living matter - empirical 7 Rationalism vs. Empiricism Plato: theory of forms, reality resides not in concrete objects, but in the abstract forms (ideas) they represent - forerunner of rationalism; this idea picked up again by Descartes in 17th century; idea of innate knowledge Aristotle: reality resides only in concrete world of objects, abstract ideas are a derivation - forerunner of empiricism; this idea picked up again by Locke ; humans born without knowledge, experience writes on the mind
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 8 Structuralism vs. Functionalism Structuralism: understand basic parts (akin to anatomy) of the mind (e.g., Wundt) Functionalism:
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}