cog_questions_3_f2008

cog_questions_3_f2008 - Cognitive Bases of Behavior Study...

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Cognitive Bases of Behavior Study Questions III November 25, 2008 1) Be familiar with the following concepts from the Gestalt approach to problem-solving: problem restructuring, functional fixedness, insight, ‘productive’ vs. ‘reproductive’ problem- solving. 2) Define and understand the following ideas from Newell & Simon’s problem-space theory: initial knowledge state, goal knowledge state, mental operator, algorithm, heuristic, means-end analysis. Be familiar with the way that problem-space theory would describe behavior on the Tower of Hanoi or missionary-cannibals problem. 3) What are the major strengths and weaknesses of problem-space theory? 4) What are the essential features of analogic reasoning? Use Holyoak’s radiation/military problem to illustrate your major points. 6) What are the four major forms of conditional reasoning? Give an example of each, using the following statement: “If the patient is suicidal, then they will respond to antidepressants” as a guide. Be prepared to comment on the relevance of this concept for clinical decision making in
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cog_questions_3_f2008 - Cognitive Bases of Behavior Study...

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