memory_1_08 - 1 Memory I: Basic Findings September 25, 2008...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 1 Memory I: Basic Findings Memory I: Basic Findings September 25, 2008 2 3 Major Historical Landmarks Major Historical Landmarks Basic Phenomena Hermann Ebbinghaus’ “Uber das Gedächtniss” (1885): first major treatise on empirical study of memory Bartlett (1932): role of schemas Modal Model Early work on STM: Sternberg’ search processes, Murdock’s forgetting functions, Wickens’ release from PI Organizational processes in memory: Mandler, Tulving, Neisser Processing Accounts Levels of Processing Encoding-specificity Principle: (Tulving & Thomson, 1973) corres-pondence of processes at encoding and retrieval is important Working Memory: Mnemonics including imagery: (Paivio, Bower) Multiple System Views Episodic v. Semantic Memory: (Tulving) Implicit vs. Explicit Memory: (Schacter, cast of thousands) Structure of Semantic Memory: Contributions from Neuropsychology : (Milner, Squire, Cermak, Butters, Warrington, Weiskrantz, etc.) 4 Structures vs. Processes Structures vs. Processes • Structures: localized components of memory system (e.g., stores, scratchpads) – iconic, echoic store – short-term memory, long-term memory • Processes: activities comprising the “work” of memory (e.g., semantic vs. phonological encoding, retrieval) 5 Key Distinctions Key Distinctions •T ime – Immediate vs. recent vs. remote memory •Con ten t – Episodic (autobiographical) vs. semantic memory • Mode of Retrieval – Explicit vs. implicit memory (processes, systems) – Declarative vs. nondeclarative knowledge • Tasks (NOT processes!) – Direct vs. indirect memory 6 Direct Memory Measures Direct Memory Measures Recall of facts or events – serial recall: recall in the same order as learned – free recall: recall in any order – cued recall: given some cue to stimulate retrieval Recognition – multiple choice –ye s -no
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 – Reading time – Fragmented picture identification • Measures of skill learning – Motor – Conceptual 8 9 The Multi-store Model of Memory (Modal Model) 10 Iconic Store ( Iconic Store ( Sperling Sperling ) • Highly accurate, rapidly decaying buffer • Contains more information than we normally report on, but lost quickly • Paradigm: present 12 letters (50ms), provide cue either before or at some point after the letter array is presented H X N R P L T W Y S C F 11 12 Proposed Properties of STS Proposed Properties of STS • Limited Capacity – digit span, recency measures – Miller’s “magic number 7+ 2” • Coding – material specific –a cou s t i c –v i
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course CLP 7934 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

Page1 / 8

memory_1_08 - 1 Memory I: Basic Findings September 25, 2008...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online