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EXP 4504 HUMAN MEMORY EXAM #1 SAMPLE with ANSWERS 1. One of the themes of the study of human memory is that “memory is not singular.” What is one phenomenon or finding that supports that theme? Why does it do so? Selective amnesia for one “kind” of memory, for example, the man who couldn’t remember any specific episodes from his life, but whose semantic memory seemed intact. [Most any “dissociation” among kinds of memory would do here; explicit versus implicit memory, short term encoding OK but long-term impaired as in the classic amnesias, etc] 2. Describe one of Dan Schacter’s other major themes about memory presented in his book, Searching for Memory , and why he sees it as an important theme. Memory is powerful – it’s involved in almost every behavior, thought or problem-solving we engage in every day; when it’s impaired, normal life may become impossible. [Other possibilities include its fragility and fallability; the “synthetic” nature of retrieval and the importance of cues, etc] 3. What is one way in which Aristotle’s approach to memory, either his method or his explanations, are most similar to Ebbinghaus’? In what way are they strikingly different? Maybe the most basic similarity is the idea of the importance of associations, or “movements” as the big A called it, from one memory to the next. As for differences, Aristotle “passively” observed memory in himself and others, while Ebbinghaus did experiments on his own learning and memory, to quantify things like rate of learning and retention. [Other similarities include their basic empirical approach to studying memory; ideas about “retention” versus recollection; etc. Other differences might include Aristotle’s willingness to theorize about underlying mechanisms, and his interest in individual differences, neither of which were typical of Ebbinghaus.] 4. Bartlett (1932) introduced the concept of schemas to the study of memory. What did he mean by this? How did he try to demonstrate its importance to memory?
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course EXP 4504 taught by Professor Fischler during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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