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HM_encod1 - BUILDING MEMORIES I ATTENTION AND REHEARSAL...

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BUILDING MEMORIES I: ATTENTION AND REHEARSAL Themes Factors that influence encoding Presented information What you do with it What you know about it The context of the encoding episode In general, memory will be influenced by The quantity of practice The distribution of practice The quality of practice Informal strategies for learning What do you do?
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ATTENTION AND LEARNING The unimportance of being earnest (Hyde & Jenkins, 1969) 24 words presented instructions about recall Encoding task: incidental intentional rate pleasantness 16.3 16.6 detect # of e’s 9.4 10.2
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The importance of being awake: Simons & Emmons (1956) Word lists presented during sleep EEG recorded to confirm sleep Next day: recognition d’ = 0 Tilley (1979) 20 pictures of concrete objects shown before sleep Ten repetitions of object names at different sleep stages Next day: better recall, recognition of named objects But only for “shallow” stages of sleep Walker & Stickgold (2006) Resurgence of research on “sleep- dependent memory processes”
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The importance of getting sleep Sleep deprivation and encoding Walker & Stickgold 2006: 36 hours of sleep deprivation Incidental study of word lists Recall two days later: REM deprivation and the brain Baseline EPSP, LTP down in hippocampus Nerve growth factor down
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