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HM_encod2 - BUILDING MEMORIES II Elaborative Encoding •...

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Unformatted text preview: BUILDING MEMORIES II: Elaborative Encoding • Themes – Elaboration adds potential retrieval paths – May be item-specific or relational – May be intentional or not – Effective elaboration boosts “distinctiveness” of memory • Cue strongly elicits target and not other competitors ITEM-SPECIFIC ELABORATION • The levels-of-processing tradition – “depth” and memory (Craik & Tulving, 1975) – POS vs. NEG at study only matters for semantic decisions. Why? – Further elaboration helps only “positive” targets. Why? 4 0 6 0 8 0 1 0 0 Recognition (% S e n s o r y P h o n e m icS e m a n tic L e v e l o f P ro c e s s p o s ta r g e t n e g ta r g e t • Depth or Distinctiveness? – Reducing semantic distinctiveness: Moscovitch & Morris (1976): “semantic” questions free recall of target words: varied questions .85 constant question .50 – Increasing phonemic distinctiveness: Eyesenck (1979): P(recog) 48 semantic questions .43 24 pronounce normally (e.g., comb like home) .34 24 mispronounce (e.g., glove like home) .42 •...
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HM_encod2 - BUILDING MEMORIES II Elaborative Encoding •...

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