HM_encod2 - BUILDING MEMORIES II: Elaborative Encoding...

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Unformatted text preview: BUILDING MEMORIES II: Elaborative Encoding Themes Elaboration adds potential retrieval paths May be item-specific or relational May be intentional or not Effective elaboration boosts distinctiveness of memory Cue strongly elicits target and not other competitors ITEM-SPECIFIC ELABORATION The levels-of-processing tradition depth and memory (Craik & Tulving, 1975) POS vs. NEG at study only matters for semantic decisions. Why? Further elaboration helps only positive targets. Why? 4 0 6 0 8 0 1 0 0 Recognition (% S e n s o r y P h o n e m icS e m a n tic L e v e l o f P ro c e s s p o s ta r g e t n e g ta r g e t Depth or Distinctiveness? Reducing semantic distinctiveness: Moscovitch & Morris (1976): semantic questions free recall of target words: varied questions .85 constant question .50 Increasing phonemic distinctiveness: Eyesenck (1979): P(recog) 48 semantic questions .43 24 pronounce normally (e.g., comb like home) .34 24 mispronounce (e.g., glove like home) .42...
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HM_encod2 - BUILDING MEMORIES II: Elaborative Encoding...

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