HM_retriev1 - REMEMBERING: THE ROLE OF THE CUE Remembering...

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REMEMBERING: THE ROLE OF THE CUE Remembering as “ecphory” A synthesis of engram, current state, and retrieval cue (Semon, 1909) Cue Specificity Free versus cued recall study categorized list free recall: .40 then cued recall: .70 Recall versus recognition study word list (e.g., grape) then cue: vary stem size (gr-- = 2) 0 (recall) .25 full (recognition) .85
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Encoding/Retrieval Specificity (Tulving, 1973) Compares E/R Match versus Mismatch Small but reliable effects of: Verbal/associative “context” Encoding task and level Physical environment Internal state and mood Larger effects when other cues weak Eich (1975): Marijuana / Placebo Study categorized list of 48 words Study Test Free Recall Cued Recall Pla Pla 11.5 24.0 Pla Mar 9.9 23.7 Mar Pla 6.7 22.6 Mar Mar 10.5 22.3
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E/R Specifity (cont’d) Larger effects with “contextual encoding” Eich (1985): study / test room match / mismatch study long word list imagery instructions: isolated integrate with environment
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course EXP 4504 taught by Professor Fischler during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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HM_retriev1 - REMEMBERING: THE ROLE OF THE CUE Remembering...

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