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Unformatted text preview: INTRUSIONS, DISTORTIONS AND ILLUSORY MEMORIES • The “fundamental attribution error” in memory – When I was younger, I could remember anything, whether it had happened or not; but my faculties are decaying now and soon I shall be so I cannot remember any but the things that never happened.- Mark Twain's Autobiography – It’s never too late to have a happy childhood.- Shel Silverstein, author of Where the Sidewalk Ends – How do you know a memory is real? • Intrusions, False alarms and misidentification – Similarity-based errors in recall and recognition (typically meaning-based) – Cases of false identification • Demjanjuk as Ivan the Terrible (Wagenaar, 1988) • Demand characteristics of lineups • Consulting on an EW case • Distortion and confabulation – Event (at encoding) or Cue (at retrieval) activates related semantic and episodic information that gets integrated into episode • War of the Ghosts (Bartlett, 1932) • Nancy & the Doctor (Owens et al. 1979) • Historical vs. Narrative Truth (Spence, 1984) •...
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- Fall '07
- Fundamental Attribution Error, Confabulation, source amnesia, False Memory Studies