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Unformatted text preview: INTRUSIONS, DISTORTIONS AND ILLUSORY MEMORIES The fundamental attribution error in memory When I was younger, I could remember anything, whether it had happened or not; but my faculties are decaying now and soon I shall be so I cannot remember any but the things that never happened.- Mark Twain's Autobiography Its never too late to have a happy childhood.- Shel Silverstein, author of Where the Sidewalk Ends How do you know a memory is real? Intrusions, False alarms and misidentification Similarity-based errors in recall and recognition (typically meaning-based) Cases of false identification Demjanjuk as Ivan the Terrible (Wagenaar, 1988) Demand characteristics of lineups Consulting on an EW case Distortion and confabulation Event (at encoding) or Cue (at retrieval) activates related semantic and episodic information that gets integrated into episode War of the Ghosts (Bartlett, 1932) Nancy & the Doctor (Owens et al. 1979) Historical vs. Narrative Truth (Spence, 1984)...
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- Fall '07