HM_science - A SCIENCE OF MEMORY Herman...

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A SCIENCE OF MEMORY Herman Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) Prussian philosopher Steeped in British empiricist approach “Uber das Gedachtnis” (1885) First experimental work on memory Introduces basic controlled methods Describes basic memory phenomena • Learning and forgetting functions List-length effects and STM span Serial position and spacing effects Remote and backward associations • Importance of meaningfulness and organization Contrasts effortful and automatic retrieval Contrasts explicit and implicit memory Overall, though, little theoretical work on memory processes
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GO-1 POV DET ZON FIP MEB DOZ KAL VAM TUP GIS END
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GO-2 POV DET ZON FIP MEB DOZ KAL VAM TUP GIS END
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GO-3 POV DET ZON FIP MEB DOZ KAL VAM TUP GIS END
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GO-T GIS TUP VAM KAL DOZ MEB FIP ZON DET POV END
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REMOTE ASSOCIATIONS (Ebbinghaus, 1885) 16 cvc’s studied to criterion Two day retention interval Second list learned to criterion Percent savings = (Old – New) / Old Second list structure intact 33% skip 1 (1,3,5. .) 11% skip 2 7% skip 3 6% skip 5 3% random 0.5%
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A SCIENCE OF MEMORY (cont’d) Alfred Binet (1857 – 1911) French physician / scientist Focus on school learning and ability Study memory for coherent prose • Coherence effects
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HM_science - A SCIENCE OF MEMORY Herman...

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