neuroanat - Prosencephalon = diencephalon + telencephalon...

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Anatomy of the Nervous System
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Rostral toward the nose Caudal toward the tail Dorsal toward the back Ventral toward the belly Medial toward the midline Lateral away from the midline Proximal near a point of reference Distal distant from a point of reference Directional Terms
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Afferent projecting toward Efferent projecting away from Ipsilateral on the same side Contralateral on the opposite side Directional Terms
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Planes of Section Coronal or frontal perpendicular to the neuraxis perpendicular to ground apply only to brain Sagittal parallel to neuraxis perpendicular to ground midsagittal = axis of symmetry Horizontal parallel to ground parallel to neuraxis applies only to brain Transverse perpendicular to neuraxis applies to brain and spinal cord Oblique any section not in a standard plane
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(intermediate gray)
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A. Cervical spinal cord B. Thoracic spinal cord C. Lumbar spinal cord D. Lumbo-sacral spinal cord
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Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) Sympathetic division (arousal) Parasympathetic division (maintenance)
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Unformatted text preview: Prosencephalon = diencephalon + telencephalon Mesencephalon = tegmentum + tectum Rhombencephalon = metencephalon (pons, + cerebellum) + myelencephalon (medulla) SYSTEM NERVORUM CENTRALE (Central nervous system) I. ENCEPHALON (brain) A. PROSENCEPHALON ( forebrain ) 1. TELENCEPHALON ( endbrain ; limbic system, basal ganglia & cerebral cortex) 2. DIENCEPHALON ( between-brain, or interbrain ; hypothalamus & thalamus) B. MESENCEPHALON ( midbrain ; tectum & tegmentum) C. RHOMBENCEPHALON ( hindbrain ) 1. METENCEPHALON ( pons & cerebellum ) 2. MYELENCEPHALON ( medulla oblongata ) II. MEDULLA SPINALIS (spinal cord) Notes: " BRAINSTEM " is an imprecisely defined term which usually refers to the rhombencephalon and mesencephalon together. It may or may not include the cerebellum, and sometimes the diencephalon is included. " CEREBRUM " or " CEREBRAL HEMISHPHERES " refer to the telencephalon....
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neuroanat - Prosencephalon = diencephalon + telencephalon...

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