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history mid term review - 1 Discuss the similarities and...

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1. Discuss the similarities and differences between the colonial settlements in the Chesapeake and in the New England regions. Why did Europeans settle in these areas? Explain who went to each area. What were the expectations of the colonists in each region, and how well did the realities of settlement match those expectations? Explain the economies of each region. In other words, how did each of these regions make their money? You must include these key terms in your answer: West Country Colonial Promoters, John Rolfe, Great Migration, Carrying Trade. I. Chesapeake -West Country Colonial Promoters : (1580s) rounded up sturdy beggars and sent them to a new colony to work -Sturdy beggars consisted of serfs, soldiers, peasants, and mainly lower class, majority male -Images such as the Black Legend persuaded people to move -1585: first colonial effort with 100 men to Virginia- Roanoke -Expectation : To gain money and have a better life from the slums in Europe ∙ Many died from diseases and poor health. Few gained what they had expected. -Area : sandy, unsanitary locations, difficult to grow crops -Headright System: grants colonists 50 acres of land (employee→ private owner) -John Rolfe: developed a strain of tobacco (1615-0 lbs→ 1669- 10M lbs) ∙depletes soil of fertility→ colonists must get new land II. New England -Puritans : (1620) demanded a more religious faith opposed the practices of Anglican Church (believed the Protestant Reformation was incomplete) -majority from the middle class -Expectation : radical puritans wanted to separate from church and establish a new society ∙ Many settled with families and started pushing for a radical puritan lifestyle. -Great Migration: (1630) a ten year period when many regular Puritans traveled to the Mass. Bay Colony started by John Winthrope -Area: large farms, domesticated animals -Independent competency: every family wants to be independent AND make good enough money to pass down through generations -Carrying Trade : Also known as the triangular trade developed between Europe, New England, and the West Indies. ∙ New England to Europe: sugar, tobacco, and cotton ∙ Europe to West Indies: textiles, rum, and manufactured goods ∙ West Indies to New England: sugar, African slaves III. Differences. Chesapeake New England - lower society - middle society - lax religion (Anglicanism) - Puritan - 4m:1f→ less families - 3m:2f→ more families - slow pop growth 1607→1700: 120K→ 85K - rapid repopulation 1620→1700: 21K→ 92K - few churches and schools - many churches and schools - stumpy, humid - cold, rivers - bad health/poor sanitation - healthy area - Ave life: 45 - Ave life: 70
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2. In the Chesapeake and New England colonial regions, colonists encountered diverse Native American peoples. Write an essay that explains some of the dominant Indian groups in each region at the time of colonial contact. (Your maps will be helpful in identifying the key native groups, but you cannot use the maps during the exam.) How did colonists interact with nearby Native Americans? Do you see the relationship between colonists and Indians as one of accommodation or one of conflict? Or do you see a little bit of both?
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