Week 3b

Week 3b - on the type of violence and the particular...

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1 35 Violence Prevention and Control through Environmental Modifications 36 5 principles to modify environment for violence prevention and control 1) Physical design and immediate situational factors of a place may encourage or inhibit violence 2) Physical design and immediate situational factors can create a sense of territoriality for the legitimate users of a space and induce them to act on that attachment in order to protect against violence and other illegitimate use
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2 37 5 principles to modify environment for violence prevention and control 3) Modifications can be made to the environment to reduce opportunities for violence by making the commission of a violent event appear more risky, more difficult, less rewarding and less excusable to the potential offender 38 5 principles to modify environment for violence prevention and control 4) Effectiveness of environmental modifications to reduce violence depends
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Unformatted text preview: on the type of violence and the particular setting in which it occurs 5) Though environmental modifications alone will not prevent all violence in all settings, they offer a promising prevention and control strategy 3 39 Opportunity theories c Routine activity theory r changes in everyday routine activities can increase or decrease crime opportunities (e.g., no guardian present) c Crime pattern theory r offenders discover crime opportunities while engaged in every day activity (traveling between “nodes”) c Rational choice perspective r assumes a thinking offender who engages in purposeful decision making on +’s and –‘s of whether or not it is worth it to commit a crime Environmental crime prevention c Defensible space c Reduce opportunities (rather than changing criminal motivation) c Reduce “disorder” r Broken window theory c Graffiti b “no one cares” b further disorder 40...
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This note was uploaded on 12/02/2011 for the course HP 421 taught by Professor Milam during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Week 3b - on the type of violence and the particular...

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