Week 2b

Week 2b - States vs. Traits States are feelings, or...

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1 States vs. Traits c States are feelings, or momentary occurrences c Traits are either negative or positive characteristics/dispositions that recur across time and situations c Traits can make certain states/feelings more likely c Paranoia b jealousy c Humor b laughter c Optimism b happiness/well-being c Strengths and Virtues are the positive characteristics (including traits) that bring pleasure/gratification/engagement with life VIA Character Strengths Criteria 1. Deathbed (I wish I were more…) 2. Valued in their own right 3. Undesirable opposite 4. Inspires others 5. Trait-like 6. Distinct 7. Paragons (role models) 8. Prodigies 9. Absence (lack of prudence b Darwin awards) 10. Institutions and rituals
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2 How do you know when you’re using your strengths? You may feel such genuine positive emotions as: Pride Satisfaction Joy Fulfillment Harmony -Seligman VIA Strengths: Rooted in 6 Virtues c Core characteristics valued by great philosophies and religions of the world: c wisdom and knowledge c courage c love and humanity c justice c temperance c spirituality and transcendence
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3 Character Strengths c Character strengths are not the same as talents c Talents are c mostly amoral c largely innate c relatively automatic c can be squandered “Character strengths are the psychological ingredients—processes or mechanisms—that define the virtues” c Character strengths are c Moral c Traits (seen across different situations over time) c But can be improved/acquired c Dependent on will (discovery, creation, ownership) c Cannot be squandered
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4 Character Strengths c Ubiquitous (valued in almost every culture) c Valued in their own right c produce good consequences c Usually produce authentic happiness (by- product) c If one has passionate and meaningful goals c Supported by culture c Institutions, rituals, role models, maxims, children’s stories VIA Classification of Virtues and Character Strengths (Peterson and Seligman) Wisdom -Creativity -Curiosity -Judgment -Love of Learning -Perspective Courage -Bravery -Industry -Authenticity -Zest Love -Intimacy -Kindness -Social Intelligence Justice -Citizenship -Fairness -Leadership Temperance -Forgiveness -Humility -Prudence -Self-Control Transcendence -Awe -Gratitude -Hope -Humor -Spirituality
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5 Park et al., 2004 So why doesn’t everyone focus on their strengths? f They are not aware of their strengths f They assume everyone has those same strengths f They know their strengths but don’t know how to actualize them.
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6 Three Steps to Using Your Strengths for Growth Identify your strengths Nurture your strengths Utilize those strengths as much as possible in your personal and professional life. Signature Character Strengths c Sense of ownership (reflect the “real you”) c Produces excitement/energy/joy when displayed c Inevitable and easy to utilize, rapid learning curve (T1/Cable modem vs. dial-up connection) c Exercised everyday often across domains (Some high scores may not seem valid and absence of other strengths is expected)
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This note was uploaded on 12/02/2011 for the course HP 421 taught by Professor Milam during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Week 2b - States vs. Traits States are feelings, or...

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