lect10 - Urban Transport: Introduction Nigel H.M. Wilson...

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Nigel H.M. Wilson 1.201, Fall 2006 Lecture 10 1 Urban Transport: Introduction
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Nigel H.M. Wilson 1.201, Fall 2006 Lecture 10 2 Outline • Urban Transport Today • Urban Transport Policy The Land Use-Transport link Road congestion as a Policy Driver Transit as a Critical Element • Arguments in support of Transit Thanks to Mikel Murga for providing many of the figures throughout this presentation
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Nigel H.M. Wilson 1.201, Fall 2006 Lecture 10 3 US Urban Transport Today Trends in Modal Split for Daily Travel in the United States (1969-2001) Mode of Transportation 1969 1977 1983 1990 1995 2001 Auto 81.8 83.7 82.0 87.1 86.5 86.4 Transit 3.2 2.6 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.6 Walk n/a 9.3 8.5 7.2 5.4 8.6 Bicycle n/a 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 Other 5.0 3.7 6.5 3.0 5.4 2.5 Source: Socioeconomics of Urban Travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS by John Pucher and John L. Renne. Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 57, No. 3, Summer 2003 (49–77). Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Washington, DC. Federal Highway Administration, Nationwide Personal Transportation Surveys 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990, and 1995; and National Household Travel Survey, 2001.
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Nigel H.M. Wilson 1.201, Fall 2006 Lecture 10 4 Transit Share of Commute for Metropolitan Areas Over 2 Million in Population (2000) Sources: U.S. 2000 Census Journey to Work ( http://www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/c2kbr-33.pdf ) and U.S. Department of Transportation Census Transportation Planning Package http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ctpp/jtw/
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Nigel H.M. Wilson 1.201, Fall 2006 Lecture 10 5 US Urban Transport Today: Metropolitan Areas Trends in the Modal Split of the Home-to-Work Journey ( 1990-2000 ) Source: Journey to Work Trends in the United States and its Major Metropolitan Areas 1960-2000 Modal Split % 1990-2000 Car Transit Non-Motorized Work at home Greater Boston 82.7-82.7 8.6-9.0 6.2-5.1 2.5-3.2 Chicago Counties 79.5-81.5 13.4-11.5 4.9-4.2 2.1-2.9 NY-NJ-CT-PA 65.8-65.7 24.8-24.9 7.0-6.4 2.4-3.0 San Francisco - Oakland 81.3-81.0 9.3-9.5 5.9-5.5 3.5-4.1 Washington DC- Baltimore 81.5-83.2 11.0-9.4 4.8-3.9 2.7-3.5
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Nigel H.M. Wilson 1.201, Fall 2006 Lecture 10 6 US Urban Transport Today: Significant Influences Suburbanization of homes, employment and attractors High car ownership and low operation costs Extensive urban road infrastructure Government policies towards roads and public transport
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Nigel H.M. Wilson 1.201, Fall 2006 Lecture 10 7 Suburbanization: 2000 Journey to Work Jobs in: Homes in: Central City Suburbs Total Homes Central City 28.2 (27%) 9.2 (9%) 37.4 (36%) Total Jobs 49.0 (48%) 53.8 (52%)
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lect10 - Urban Transport: Introduction Nigel H.M. Wilson...

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