lect22 - 1.201J/11.545J/ESD.210J Introduction to...

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1 1.201J/11.545J/ESD.210J Introduction to Transportation Systems Fall 2006 LECTURE 22: MEXICO CITY: TRANSPORTATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT November 28, 2006 SPEAKER: Joseph M. Sussman MIT
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2 Relating the Mobility Engendered by Transportation to Environmental (and Energy) Impacts: A Key Public Policy Question SUSTAINABILITY--THE 3 Es-- economic development, environmental impact and social equity
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3 KEY POLICY QUESTIONS What is the issue (problem)? What are the competing values and interests? Who are the stakeholders and what is their ability to change things? How do we negotiate a “solution” that appropriately weighs the competing interests? What methods are appropriate to study the issue? What is the process by which policy is changed? How does one implement the changed policy and make sure it works in practice?
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4 Nested Complexity Physical system “layer” – More quantitative principles – Engineering & economic models Institutional sphere “sphere” – More qualitative in nature and often more participatory – Stakeholder evaluation and organizational analysis Different methodologies are required – within the physical system – between the institutional sphere and the physical system – within the institutional sphere institutional sphere Physical System
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5 The Mexico City Megacity Issues “Checklist” “Megacity” close to 20 million people in Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). The combination of topography and meteorological conditions, together with increased auto ownership, producing an air quality problem of the first magnitude. As with many developing countries, a tremendous range in wealth among its citizens. A sprawling land use pattern fueled by both illegal settlements on the fringes and “suburbanization” and the resistance of central city “delegaciones” to densification.
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6 A surface transportation subject to substantial congestion – throughout the day in some parts of the city – exacerbating the air quality issue in the MCMA. The MCMA as institutionally complex, considering its relation to the federal government and relationship between the Distrito Federal (DF) and the Estado de Mexico (EM). The MCMA as the economic engine of Mexico, but dependent on the economic health of its neighbor to the north. Economic growth as a driving policy. A potentially extraordinary political shift for Mexico with the election of President Fox in 2000, after 71 years of presidential rule by the same party-- the PRI And in 2006, a very close and contentious election between (pres- elect) Calderon and Lopez Obrador The Mexico City Megacity Issues “Checklist” (cont.)
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7 The Mexico City Megacity Issues “Checklist” (con’t) 18 million in Mexico City Metropolitan Area (approx. 20% of national pop.) Political, economic and population center of Mexico Emerging federalism – shift of power to states
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8 The Mexico City Megacity Issues “Checklist” (con’t) Expansion of urban area into less habitable zones
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lect22 - 1.201J/11.545J/ESD.210J Introduction to...

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