134lecture04(jan19)bw

134lecture04(jan19)bw - Milgrams experiment Experiment:...

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1 © 2005 David Schweingruber Obedience to Authority Jan. 19, 2005 http://www.iastate.edu/~soc.134 © 2005 David Schweingruber Milgram’s experiment Experiment: research method designed to elicit some sort of behavior, typically conducted under closely controlled laboratory circumstances Disguised as a learning experiment with experimenter playing role of “scientist” and confederate playing role of “learner” Real subject is assigned role of “teacher” in rigged drawing Design: teacher ordered by scientist to deliver shocks to learner after mistakes Source: Milgram, Stanley. 1974. Obedience to Authority. New York: Harper. © 2005 David Schweingruber Measuring obedience Obedience is measured by how intense a shock the teacher is willing to give 31 levels in 15-volt intervals (0-450 volts) Source: Milgram, Stanley. 1974. Obedience to Authority. New York: Harper. © 2005 David Schweingruber Working with a script All grunts, screams and complaints of learner are scripted (or recorded) Three key moments: • 150: “Experimenter, get me out of here! I won’t be in the experiment any more! I refuse to go on!” • 300: Shouts in desperation that he will no longer provide answers • 350: He is not heard from again Scientist has script for replying to teacher’s concerns • E.g., “Although the shocks may be painful, there is no permanent tissue damage, so please go on.” Source: Milgram, Stanley. 1974. Obedience to Authority. New York: Harper. © 2005 David Schweingruber Results: Closeness series Remote Voice Same room Touch Voltage designation Slight shock (15-60) Moderate shock (75-120) Strong shock (135-180)
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134lecture04(jan19)bw - Milgrams experiment Experiment:...

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