134lecture06(jan24)bw

134lecture06(jan24)bw - Structural-functionalist...

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1 © 2005 David Schweingruber Three Perspectives of Sociology Jan. 24, 2005 http://www.iastate.edu/~soc.134 © 2005 David Schweingruber Structural-functionalist perspective Emphasizes how society is structured to maintain stability Society compared to organism Emphasizes society’s effect on individuals Early study: Emile Durkheim’s Suicide Emile Durkheim © 2005 David Schweingruber Durkheim’s (1897) Most studies of suicide focus on individual characteristics Durkheim studied connections between individuals and society Findings: Higher rates for widowed, single and divorced than married Higher rates for people without children than with children Higher among Protestants than Catholics Conclusion: suicide may be caused by weak social ties He cal ed this egoistic suicide Why? Society gives meaning to life so detachment from society (weak social ties) results in low value given to human existence
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