134lecture21(feb28)

134lecture21(feb28) - Decline of the Family?/ Measuring and...

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© 2005 David Schweingruber Decline of the Family?/ Measuring and Labeling Deviance Feb. 28, 2005 http://www.iastate.edu/~soc.134
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© 2005 David Schweingruber What about the 1950s? What was different about the 1950s? Divorce rate, high during Depression & WWII, dropped Age of marriage fell to 100-year low Birth rate soared (Baby Boom) What led to the 1950s family experiment? Women were forced out of jobs after WWII Economic growth and government programs allowed for prosperity with one wage earner Ideal of dad-works, mom-stays-home family established New ideal was supported by experts and media Source: Coontz, S. 1992. The Way We Never Were. Basic Books.
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© 2005 David Schweingruber Why did 1950s experiment end? 1950s conditions allowed both preferred family form and preferred family lifestyle • Form: dad works, mom stays at home • Lifestyle: requires purchasing latest consumer goods By 1970s many families changed form to maintain lifestyle, e.g., two wage earners, postponing marriage During 1970s and 1980s, economic changes resulted in fewer families able to afford preferred form at all Source: Coontz, S. 1992. The Way We Never Were. Basic Books.
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© 2005 David Schweingruber Signs that marriage will persist Percentage of women who never marry is lower now than
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134lecture21(feb28) - Decline of the Family?/ Measuring and...

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