134lecture29(mar25)

134lecture29(mar25) - Explanations for Stratification,...

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© 2005 David Schweingruber Explanations for Stratification, continued March 25, 2005 http://www.iastate.edu/~soc.134
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© 2005 David Schweingruber Structural-functionalist view Inequality (stratification) is functional and a source of social order Function of stratification described by Davis & Moore Society needs to fill most important and difficult jobs with the more talented people If all jobs had same rewards, people would get little training and take easiest jobs By attaching better rewards to more important positions, society motivates people to get training and work in more important jobs Criticisms of functionalist view 1. Assumes better paying jobs are more important 2. Assumes training for top jobs is undesirable 3. Stratification involves ascribed characteristics (e.g., race & gender)
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© 2005 David Schweingruber Conflict views Stratification is a source of conflict, coercion and unhappiness Stratification systems are designed to benefit “haves” at expense of “have-nots”
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134lecture29(mar25) - Explanations for Stratification,...

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