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Unformatted text preview: Stratification….Or We Are All Equal, But
Stratification….Or We Are All Equal, But
Some are More Equal Than Others
Some are More Equal Than Others
1. The Meaning of Stratification:
2. Causes of Stratification:
3. How Do Sociologists Determine One’s Social Class? Activity tto Demonstrate Stratification
Activity o Demonstrate Stratification
4. Rewarding Marx and Weber on Social Class
Marx and Weber on Social Class
Class Three Causes off Stratification
Three Causes o Stratification
Conflict: Functional: Social conflict is class related Some roles crucial and get
Rewards meaningful if
Many elites inherit $
Many crucial roles not
rewarded e.g. nurses,
teachers Class “consciousness”
Capitalists cheat workers
Ignores the broad middle class
Ignores coop. between classes Three Causes off Stratification ((cont’d)
Three Causes o Stratification cont’d)
Meaning of belonging to a class
Impact of class on self concept
Much stereotyping of classes
Blocked opportunities negate aspirations Stereotyping and Class
Stereotyping and Class
“Possible to determine a family’s social class by
knowledge of family name?”
18% DK 4% Stereotyping ((cont’d)
Families assigned to classes:
0 Booker T. Brown
Leopold Stein 4
0 John Garcia
Michael Harrison 0
Chien Yi Chung
Richard O’Bannon Sum – people do stereotype others, even by family names.
do Determining Social Class
Determining Social Class
Objective Reputational Subjective $, Education &
Occupation Prestige Judges used Self evaluation Bias monitored Most Americans say
M-C North Hatt Scale Why reluctant to say
“upper?” What is your social class?
What your Soc. 134 Survey Results
Soc. 134 Survey Results
USA ISU LC 5% 1% LM 21% 9% MM 57% WM 14% 32% 1% 3% W 92% 55% 96% M Examples With Prestige Scale
Examples With Prestige Scale
Respondents Rated Occupation Prestige
As: Excellent – 100
Below Average - 40
Good – 80
Poor - 20
Average – 60
Police Officer =
70 Social Class Differences
Social Class Differences
iin tthe United States
n he United States
1. Consequences of One’s Social Class
2. Trends in Poverty?
3. Who is Poor Today? Major Results ffrom Social Class Research
Major Results rom Social Class Research
Results: Life Chances Life Style Subcultures Conservative, Self-Perpetuating Nature
of Social Class Income and Wealth Gap iin tthe U.S. 1990s
Income and Wealth Gap n he U.S. 1990s
A. First, Consider Income of People in the U.S.
If 20 Families Mirror the National Distribution of Income in
the U.S., then:
The Top (#1) which = 5%
The top #1 (5%)
earns more than the
lowest 8 (40%) families
Lowest 8 = 40% Income and Wealth Gap in the U.S (cont’d)
Income and Wealth Gap in the U.S (cont’d)
B. Now, Consider Wealth of People in the U.S.:
(Wealth includes all of one’s assets)
If 20 families mirror the national distribution of wealth in the
The top #1 = 5%
Top #1 (5%) have more assets than
all other families combined (95%)
All other families (95%) Income and Wealth Gap in the U.S. (cont’’d)
Income and Wealth Gap in the U.S. (cont d)
1. U.S. has the biggest gap between those at the top
and those at the bottom in any developed country.
2. U.S. has the largest poverty rate.
3. Canada is in the middle of developed countries
4. Scandinavian countries and Japan have the least
Source: Coleman and Cressey, 1995 6/E States Ranked by Rates off Hunger
States Ranked by Rates o Hunger
% households hungry or near hungry:
7.0% North Dakota 4.6% Average = 9.7% hungry in typical state Why is rate so high in Texas, New Mexico, Florida? Trends iin Poverty iin U.S.
Trends n Poverty n U.S.
1970 24.6% 1990 12.2% 2000 11.8% (“War on Poverty” years) Who IIs Poor iin U.S.?
Who s Poor n U.S.?
Black 23.6% Hispanic 22.8% White 7.7% Female head of household 36% Hispanic children 40% Black children 46% White children 16% ...
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- Spring '10