201.05 Culture - Culture Culture refers to the beliefs,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 1 Culture Culture refers to the beliefs, values, behavior and material objects that, together, form a people's way of life. Culture determines how we view the world around us Culture includes the traditions we inherit and pass on to the next generation Culture : totality of our shared language, knowledge, material objects, and behavior
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Culture and Society Society : the structure of relationships within which culture is created and shared through regularized patterns of social interaction Society provides the context within which our relationships with the external world develop How we structure society constrains the kind of culture we construct Cultural preferences vary across societies © Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger
Background image of page 2
© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 3 Only humans depend on culture rather than instincts to ensure the survival of their kind. Culture is very recent and was a long time in the making. What sets primates apart from other animals is their intelligence. Human achievements during the Stone Age set humans off on a distinct evolutionary course, making culture their primary survival strategy. Human Culture
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 4 Culture and Society The concept of culture (a shared way of life) must be distinguished from those of nation (a political entity) or society (the organized interaction of people in a nation or within some other boundary). Many modern societies are multicultural---their people follow various ways of life that blend and sometimes clash. On this planet our race, homo sapiens evolved 250,000 years ago give or take a few thousand. But the first cities appeared about 12,00 years ago. Think about that. For 95% of human life there were no cities. What kind of culture was there then?
Background image of page 4
© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 5 Components of Culture All cultures have five common components: symbols, language, values and beliefs, norms, and material culture, including technology. Symbols are defined as anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share culture. The meaning of the same symbols varies from society to society, within a single society, and over time.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 6 Components of Culture Language is a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another. It can be either written or spoken or both Language is the key to cultural transmission , the process by which one generation passes culture to the next. Through most of human history, cultural transmission has been accomplished through oral tradition Don’t ignore the non-verbal aspects .
Background image of page 6
© Copyright 2010 Alan S. Berger 7 The Sapir-Whorf thesis holds that people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language. A. For example what sport is football where?
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 26

201.05 Culture - Culture Culture refers to the beliefs,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online