201.16 Religious Institutions

201.16 Religious Institutions - Religious Institutions 1...

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1 Religious Institutions
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2 Religion and Society A system of beliefs, rituals, and ceremonies Focus is on sacred matters Promotes community among followers Provides a personal spiritual experience for its members
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3 The Great Transformation In communal societies, religion permeated all aspects of society. In contemporary industrial society, the institution of religion has become separated from many social and economic activities Max Weber The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
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4 Function: What Religions Do Durkheim emphasized believers’ attitudes toward sacred objects, not the objects themselves What people believe is less important than that they have those beliefs in common
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5 Integration Durkheim viewed religion as an integrative force in human society Gives meaning and purpose to people’s lives Offers ultimate values and ends to hold in common Serves to bind people together in times of crisis and confusion
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6 Social Change Max Weber sought to understand how religion might also contribute to social change The Weberian Thesis Protestant work ethic : disciplined commitment to worldly labor driven by a desire to bring glory to God, shared by followers of Martin Luther and John Calvin Argued this provided capitalism with approach toward labor essential to its development
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7 Social Control Marx on Religion Argued religion inhibited social change People focus on otherworldly concerns Religion drugged masses into submission by offering a consolation for their harsh lives on earth Religion’s promotion of social stability helps to perpetuate patterns of social inequality
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8 Social Control Gender and Religion Women have played fundamental role in religious socialization, but generally take subordinate role in religious leadership Most religions are patriarchal, and reinforce men’s dominance in secular and spiritual matters Women compose 12.8 percent of U.S. clergy, but account for 51 percent of theology students
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Characteristics of Religion Beliefs Ideas, based upon faith, that people consider true The sacred and profane Sacred: that which has supernatural qualities Profane: that which is the ordinary Rituals Routines that reinforce the faith
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 220 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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201.16 Religious Institutions - Religious Institutions 1...

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