AsianAmSlidesOUtline - Asian Americans History Hawaii...

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Asian Americans History Hawaii Hawaii, part 1 A kingdom of Polynesian people, recognized as a nation by the US. 1830s-1890: Anglo-American planters take over much of the land, import many Asian workers Population becomes predominantly Asian Chinese, Japanese, Pilipino Ethnic, linguistic differences. Whites an elite minority. “Pidgen” spoken. Class conflict predominates. Hawaii, part 2 Anglo-Americans overthrow the Kingdom of Hawaii (Queen Lydia Liliuokalani) in 1893 with US naval support, establish a “republic” in 1894 Viewed as illegal at the time (then-president Cleveland denounced it). In 1898, US annexes. Annexation is a violation of international law, remains unresolved into 20 th century Hawaii Part 3 Statehood 1959 to resolve legal status Majority of Hawaiian population voted for statehood Non-white character of the state an issue for many congressmen Hawaii to mainland migration: prior to 1965, many Asian Americans had roots in Hawaii Hawaii 2000 Census Hawaiian Racial Climate Asian majority, varying ethnicities (vary by island); the dominant group native Hawaiians (some discrimination) whites (Haoles) a minority, although relatively well off. Portuguese not Haole, legacy of origins
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Pidgen Overt racial/ethnic name-calling coupled with more racial equality than in most of the US Native Hawaiians Those of native Hawaiian/Polynesian descents (pure + mixed) about 20% today Native Hawaiians claim discrimination. Do not want to be classified as “Asian,” as the “Asians” are dominant Significant native Hawaiian legal claims on public land Hawaiian independence movement is active, was invigorated by 100th anniversary of the takeover Asians in Mainland US 1848-1920 Discrimination and Exclusion Chinese Migration in 19th Century Begins 1848s, with Gold Rush. Fleeing economic disaster and poverty, political turmoil. Predominantly male, predominantly uneducated peasants Small as part of US total, but very high percentages of several western states. Built the western part of the trans-continential railroad; not permitted to drive the last spike in 1869 Chinese Exclusion Explicit racism, hostile attacks, race riots, forced removal Cartoons of era equate Asians and blacks. “Yellow peril.” 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act: absolute prohibition of immigration from China Chinese here are largely isolated males, forced into the cities by hostility and violence Japanese Migration Begins 1868, Meiji Restoration (economic development & disruption), more after Chinese excluded in 1882 Younger sons (& their wives) urged to migrate as part of development strategy; generally well-educated & skilled as farmers. Often quite successful in US as farmers, business owners.
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AsianAmSlidesOUtline - Asian Americans History Hawaii...

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