Hispanics 20th century

Hispanics 20th century - Hispanic Latino Population 1990...

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1 Pamela Olive Hispanics / Latinos in the 20 th Century Pamela Oliver Sociology 220 Hispanic – Latino Population 1990 2000 Hispanic-Latino as % of Total US 9.0 12.5 Ethnicity as % of Hispanic-Latino Mexican 60.4 58.5 Puerto Rican 12.2 9.6 Cuban 4.7 3.5 Dominican Republic 2.4 2.2 Other 20.4 26.2 “Race” (self-reported) of Hispanics- Latinos 1990 2000 White 51.7 47.9 Black 3.4 2.0 Amer. Indian 0.7 1.2 Asian 1.4 0.5 Other 42.7 42.2 Two or More - 6.3 Locations in US y Chicanos, Mexican Americans mostly live in the southwest (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Colorado) but also elsewhere, Chicago etc. y Cubans mostly in Florida y Puerto Ricans mostly in New York New Jersey Puerto Ricans mostly in New York, New Jersey. y But all are fanning out. y Immigration from other Latin American counties is growing. 2000
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2 Names (part 1) y In the US, Latino or Hispanic refers to a person in the US who is of Latin American origin. Nuances in meanings of words, but referring to same groups. Brazilians are in this group, although they do not speak Spanish. y (Spaniards are Hispanic, but not understood to be part of the group called Hispanic or Latino in the US.) y In Latin America, Latino often refers to a person who is culturally Hispanic rather than culturally Indigenous Names (part 2) y Mexican = a Mexican citizen (in Mexico or US); as identity, a person from Mexico y Mexican American = a US citizen of Mexican descent; as identity, a US ethnic group y Chicano = a self-identify of SOME Mexican Americans (not all). y Origins as radical, racialized identity (indigenous American) y Now many Mexican Americans use it because they don’t identify with Mexico y Mexicans from Mexico NEVER identify as Chicano Class Origins and Well-Being y A major predictor of an immigrant group’s “success” in US is CLASS y CLASS = education, business/professional skills, financial resources. y Pre-WWII, White Catholics less successful than Pttt Protestants. y Used to be a lot of talk about how “Catholic culture” held people back y Took 3 generations for immigrant class differences to dissipate, but they are gone now. y Today White Catholics & Protestants are educationally & economically comparable Class, Immigrant Status, Well-Being y Economic & educational “Success” of immigrants & their children depends largely (not exclusively) on what they bring with them: education, business & professional skills, money, English y Economic & political factors in “sending” country + Economic & political factors in sending country immigration factors affect class mix of immigrants to US y Class of refugees motivated by political violence depends on the regime they are leaving: Are lower class or upper class people being threatened? y
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Hispanics 20th century - Hispanic Latino Population 1990...

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