Segregation, Crime, Economic Disadvantage

Segregation, Crime, Economic Disadvantage - Effects of...

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Segregation, Crime, Economic Disadvantage Effects of Imprisonment on Work Chances • Following tables are preliminary results from field experiment by Devah Pager • Research is being conducted in Milwaukee • Businesses that hire entry-level workers are sent “testers” who are matched on everything except criminal record Figure 1. The Effect of a Criminal Record on Employment Opportunities for Whites 16 33 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Criminal Record No Record Percent Called Back Figure 2. The Effect of a Criminal Record for Black and White Job Applicants 3 16 12 33 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Black White Criminal Record No Record Causes of Racial Disparities in Arrests • For the most serious crimes (homicide, serious assaults, robbery), there are large differences in arrest rates where there is probably not much differential policing • For non-violent property crimes & assaults (fights), the major sources of difference are class (economic level), but there are enforcement & prosecution differences by • For the drug offenses, policing and enforcement differences are the major source of difference (as there is little difference in actual law-breaking behavior) • JEFFREY A. MIRON ``Violence and the U.S. Prohibitions of Drugs and Alcohol,''
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 220 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Rutgers.

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Segregation, Crime, Economic Disadvantage - Effects of...

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