PS 367 Lecture9 - • Extended – Defender extends his...

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Strategic Coercion Deterrence
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Coercion • Aimed at persuading a party to stop an ongoing action or start a new course of action by changing its costs and beneFts • A coercer might be any international actor enjoying an advantage of power over its target(s) – States, international organizations, for-proFt groups/corporations,… • Two major types, often employed in conjunction – Military – Economic • Success = not having to carry out threat – Brute force vs. coercion
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Strategies of Coercion • Deterrence – Aimed at convincing an opponent not to pursue a course of action … – … keeping the status quo • Compellence – Aimed at convincing an opponent to stop an ongoing course of action … – … revising the status quo
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Types of deterrence • Direct – Threats designed to prevent direct attacks on defender (target is defender) – Example: U.S. and USSR – Tends to be credible
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Unformatted text preview: • Extended – Defender extends his protection to a third party (i.e. target is protégé) – Example: U.S. in Vietnam – Less credible Timing of Deterrence • Immediate (threat is actual) – Situations where challenger can mount an attack at any moment – Failed example: In 1950 the Chinese attempted to deter the U.S. from pursuing a war of conquest into North Korea but their warnings were ignored, and the Chinese swarmed across the Yalu River to push back the American forces – Successful example: The 1970 warning by Israel against potential invasion of Jordan by Syria • General – No clear and present danger of attack, yet an underlying antagonism exists (i.e. threat is potential) – Example: U.S. protection of Western Europe from the potential menace of the Red Army during the Cold War...
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course POLI SCI 367 taught by Professor Favretto during the Spring '11 term at University of Wisconsin.

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PS 367 Lecture9 - • Extended – Defender extends his...

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