PS 367 CourseNotes4

PS 367 CourseNotes4 - Definition and Purpose (Based on Pape...

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Unformatted text preview: Definition and Purpose (Based on Pape 1996) Form of third-party intervention: Aimed at persuading a party to stop an ongoing action or start a new course of action by changing its costs and benefits Often involves helping one of the participants win Disputant(s) need not agree to this type of intervention Disputant(s) expected to accept third partys ideas Frequently takes place under the guise of mediation 1 Who Coerces? Any actor enjoying an advantage of power over its target(s) States (mostly major powers) Groups and organizations (e.g. UN, EU) Individuals (limited in coercive power) 2 Two Types (Based on Pape 1996) Military coercion Coercion by punishment Coercion by denial Economic coercion 3 Military Coercion (Pape 1996) Calculation: R = B p ( B ) C p ( C ) Strategies: 1. Raise C : Third party can increase the costs of resistance by exploiting civilian vulnerabilities 2. Raise p ( C ): Third party can signal the credibility to...
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PS 367 CourseNotes4 - Definition and Purpose (Based on Pape...

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