Chap007_modified - Chapter 7 Chapter Planning, Composing,...

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Chapter 7 Chapter 7 Planning, Composing, and Revising Good Writers Composing Activities Half-Truths Ten Ways to Make Writing Easier to Read Revise, Edit, and Proofread
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Ways Good Writers Write Revise first drafts Write regularly Break big jobs into small chunks Focus on purpose, audience Choose from several different strategies Use rules flexibly Finish a draft before editing text 7-2
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Basic Composing Activities: Planning Analyze problem, define purposes, analyze audiences Brainstorm information to include Gather information Select the points you want to make Choose organization pattern 7-3
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Basic Composing Activities: Writing Put ideas into words on paper or screen Make a list Develop headings Jot notes Do stream-of- consciousness writing Create drafts 7-4
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Basic Composing Activities: Revising Evaluate in terms of audience, goals, and situation Will audience understand it? Is it complete? Is it convincing? Friendly? Get feedback from someone else Add, delete, substitute, or rearrange single words or large sections 7-5
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Basic Composing Activities: Editing Focus on surface of message: Standard English Grammar and spelling Capitalization and punctuation Business principles Build goodwill Use conventional format Proofread; correct typographical errors 7-6
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More About Composing Activities Don’t have to do in 1-2-3 order Don’t have to finish one to start another Don’t have to use all activities for every message 7-7
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Half-Truths about Style 1. Write as you talk 2. Never use I 3. Never use You 4. Never begin sentence with And or But 5. Never end sentence with preposition 6. Big words impress people 1/2 7-8
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Write as You Talk: Yes . . . But Yes Do it for first draft Read draft aloud to test But Expect awkward, repetitive, badly organized prose Plan to revise and edit 7-9
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Never Use I : Yes . . . But Yes I can make writing seem self-centered I can make ideas seem tentative But Use I to tell what you did, said, saw—it’s smoother 7-10
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Never Use You : Yes . . . But Yes Writing to familiar audiences Describing audience benefits Writing sales text But Avoid in formal reports or other situations where formality is required 7-11
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course MGMT 2200 taught by Professor Johnheeder during the Fall '11 term at Utah Valley University.

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Chap007_modified - Chapter 7 Chapter Planning, Composing,...

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