Ethics Lecture- 9-20-2011

Ethics Lecture- 9-20-2011 - whether there are any An...

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5 Traits of a Moral Principle Ethical Relativism in its classical form is the product of two theses about societies and culture. Diversity Thesis: (usually known as cultural relativism) An anthropological view that acknowledges the fact that moral rules differ from one society to the next. Dependency Thesis: Individual acts are right and wrong according to the society in which they occur Ethnocentrism - The uncritical belief in the inherent superiority of one’s own culture - We consider it a variety of prejudice tantamount to racism and sexism. Moral Objectivism - Also called moral absolutism or hard universalism: the view that there are universal moral principles that are valid for all people at all times and in all places Moral Skepticism - The view that there are no valid moral principles at all (or at least we cannot know
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Unformatted text preview: whether there are any) An Argument for Conventional Relativism 1. All valid moral principles are justified by virtue of their cultural acceptance. 2. The argument of a famous anthropologist, Melville Herskovitz, that ethical relativism entails intercultural tolerance” a. If morality is relative to its culture, then there is no independent basis for criticizing the morality of any culture but one’s own. b. If there is no independent way to criticizing any other culture, we ought to be tolerant of the moralities of other cultures. c. Morality is relative to its culture. Therefore, we ought to be tolerant of the moralities of other cultures....
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course PHIL 2050 taught by Professor Emorywogenstahl during the Fall '11 term at Utah Valley University.

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