Ethics Lecture 9-29-2011

Ethics Lecture 9-29-2011 - -“Greatest happiness for the...

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2 Main Features of utilitarianism 1. Consequential principle a. The rightness or wrongness of an act is determined by the goodness or badness of the results that flow fron it b. The ends, not the means, counts. 2. Ultility Principle a. The only thing that is good in itself is some specific state of affairs such as pleasure, happiness, welfare. b. Outcome determines rightness c. Pleasure=good d. Pain=evil Hedonic Calculus - Intensity - Duration - Certainty - Nearness - Fruitfulness - Purity - Extent All these things combined= pleasure or pain John Stuart Mill - Critique of government power - Harm principle - Political causes included freeing slaves and women’s rights - Advocated economic democracy “That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers.” Greatest Happiness - Utiliitarianism- principle of utility
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Unformatted text preview: -“Greatest happiness for the greatest number of people”-Eudaimonistic Utilitarianism: From Greek eudaimonia =happiness-Happiness=pleasure and the absence of pain-Higher pleasures over lower pleasures Act Utilitarianism-Act: And act is right if and only if it results in as much good as any available alternative o Spontaneity o Speed o Minimally correct behavior Rule Utilitarianism-Rule: and act is right if and only if it is required by a rule that is itself a member of a set of rules whose acceptance would lead to greater utility for society than any available alternative o Maximize utility o Coordinated actions Rule Utilitarianism-Base Rules-Conflict-Resolving Rules-Remainder Rule (Act Utilitarianism) Peter...
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2011 for the course PHIL 2050 taught by Professor Emorywogenstahl during the Fall '11 term at Utah Valley University.

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Ethics Lecture 9-29-2011 - -“Greatest happiness for the...

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