Murrah Federal Building Bombing.docx - Running head MURRAH...

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Running head: MURRAH FEDERAL BUILDING BOMBING 1 Murrah Federal Building Bombing Name Week 7 Assignment CRMJ 450 DeVry University
MURRAH FEDERAL BUILDING BOMBING 2 On April 19, 1995, a domestic bomb attack occurred in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and the tragedy left 168 people dead and an additional 853 people injured (“Murrah Federal Building Bombing”). The high number of fatalities and injuries occurred due to the effect of the initial blast and the after-effects of blast long after the first blast. The target building was the Murrah Federal Building, the headquarters for various Federal Agencies. The attack was well coordinated based on the number of explosive-loaded vehicles parked around the building, and considering the security protocols that would be expected for a headquarter of federal agencies such as FBI, ATF, and DEA. The attacker, Timothy McVeigh, an ex-trooper for the United States Army claimed the motivation to bomb the building was his belief in the irresponsibility of the federal agencies regarding the WACO attack (Johnston, 1995). Timothy McVeigh and his accomplices Michael Fortier and Terry Nicholas were found guilty for the crimes and sentenced to death (“Murrah Federal Building Bombing”). As a domestic terrorism act, the Murrah Federal Building Bombing exposed the challenges facing the federal buildings, considering the threat was homegrown rather than foreign engineered bombing. The bombing incident ushered a new era for law enforcement agencies to consider effective and innovative measures to prevent future attacks because the existing framework at that time did not prioritize domestic terrorism. Foremost, it is important to consider the red flags and leading information that would have helped law enforcement agencies to deter the bomb attack before the execution date. One of the critical information about a malicious plan is the fact that McVeigh and Nicholas purchased 50 bags of ammonium nitrate throughout the months of September and October 1994 (Grace, 2003). Essentially, ammonium nitrate is used for agricultural activities, and thus common buyers would-be farmers and individuals associated with agricultural facilities. Surprisingly, both McVeigh and Nicholas’s previous records did not identify them as farmers or individuals with

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