The Hindi Language
Hindi, as recognized by the Constitution of India, is the official language (in addition to English) of the Republic of India, and
the common second language of Mauritius, Fiji, Trinidad, Guyana and Surinam.
Origins of the language and its deep relationship with Sanskrit:
Sanskrit, one of the most ancient spoken and written languages in the world and one of the earliest members of the Indo-
European language family, is the primary source of Hindi. Hindi, like Sanskrit, is written in the
script, which is
common to several other Indian languages as well. Much of the vocabulary of Hindi comes from Sanskrit, though Hindi also
has a special relationship with Urdu, their grammar and much of their vocabulary being identical.
Differences / Similarities between Urdu and Hindi:
Urdu, the national language of Pakistan, is pretty much the same language as Hindi. In some cases it is also spoken about
as Hindi-Urdu language. Differences, however, exist, mostly in vocabulary, primarily because of it being spoken in different
countries. Since Urdu is spoken in an Islamic country, it has borrowed many words from Arabic and Persian, and thus it has
an Arabic hue, whereas Hindi would rather use Sanskrit words. Writing system presents another difference, in that Hindi