HUMA2970 - Vlad III Dr�culea

HUMA2970 - Vlad III Dr�culea - I. The Historical...

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Unformatted text preview: I. The Historical Figure Влад (Vlad) III Дръклѣ (Drăculea) (1431 – 1475) Voievod & Prince of Wallachia (1456 ­1462) also known as Dracula/ Дракула Vlad the Impaler Vlad Țepeș / Влад Цепеш (Romanian) Impaler Prince: Kazıklı Bey (Turkish) Chronology 1431: 1431 ­1436: 1436 – 1442: 1442: 1442 – 1447: 1448: 1448 – 1456: 1453: 1456: 1456– 1462: Father, Vlad II (1393 ­1447) travels to Nurnberg to be inducted into the chivalric Order of the Dragon by the Holy Roman Emperor & gain political favour – earns him the name Dracul * Born in Sighișoara, Transylvania while his father is in exile * Family returns to Tirgoviște  ­ receives a classical Roman Christian education & battle training Vlad II supplanted by Hungarian ­Transylvanian supported Dăneşti  ­ regains control of Wallachia with Ottoman support Sent to the court of Murad II (likely at Edirne) – with younger brother Radu II – as hostage  ­ both receive classical Muslim education & battle training with Mehmed II Vlad II & eldest son, Mircea II, assassinated by Wallachian Boyars  ­ Vlad III released as Ottoman candidate for Wallachian Voievod (Oct /Nov) – flees Hungarian ­Transylvanian aggression Fugitive in Moldavia & Transylvania – ends up advisor to John Hunyadi, Regent ­Governor of Hungary (aka the White Knight) Constantinople falls  ­ absorbed into the Ottoman Empire Supplants Basarab II of rival Dănești clan Re ­establishes a central authority, army, agriculture and trade Restores peace, justice and prosperity, expands infrastructure Initiates aggression towards Ottoman Empire during which time he becomes infamous for impalement *  ­ Mehmed II invades accompanied by Radu II who becomes Voievod * wrongfully arrested & imprisoned by King of Hungary Matthias I (Nov ­Dec) regains Wallachian / assassinated by the Turks 1462 – 1474: 1476: * Events related to the fictional character of Dracula on the next page I. The Fictional Character (Bram Stoker) Count Dracula also known as Prince of Darkness It is widely assumed, that Bram Stoker based his novel upon the historical figure of Vlad Țepeș. Here is a summary of the correalations between the historical figure and the fictional character: *Name: • Vlad Dracula • original character name was Count Wampyr  ­ changed to Count Dracula * Birthplace: • Vlad the Impaler was born in Transylvania • Stoker’s Count Dracula’s castle is in Transylvania Appearance: • aquiline nose, domed forehead, massive eyebrows, heavy mustache covering a “fixed and rather cruel looking” mouth, and “extraordinary pallor” • a tall man with aquiline features, sporting a long white moustache * History • Fighting the Turks (Stoker: 38) • Speaking like a King (Stoker: 37) • Brother’s betrayal (Stoker: 38) • Van Helsing talks about historical/fictional Dracula (Stoker: 291) * Death: • Used impalement/beheading to kill his enemies • Vampires are killed by staking/beheading Other: • “He caught mice and bought birds in the market. And he tortured them in this way: some he impaled, others he cut their heads off, and others he plucked their feathers out and let them go” (Miller, 102) • Similarities are obvious to the behaviour of Stoker’s Renfield End Note • Stoker’s vampire archetype is prolific in popculture, it has inspired comic books, T shirts, greeting cards, poster art, cartoons and games; his image graces cereal boxes, candy wrappers, web sites and more • There are Dracula fan clubs and even scholarly organizations devoted to Dracula and vampire studies. There exists, for example, the Transylvanian society, and the Bram Stoker Society. • The historical Dracula and fictional Dracula have found their way into hundreds of works of fiction, theatre, music and films Bibliography Davison, Carol Margaret, and Paul Housley. Bram Stoker's Dracula: sucking through the century, 1897 ­1997. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1997. Print. Florescu, Radu and Raymond T. McNally. Dracula: Prince of Many Faces . Boston: Little Brown, 1989. Miller, Elizabeth. Dracula. London: Parkstone, 2001. Print. Sorecscu, Marin. "Introduction." Introduction. Vlad Dracula The Impaler. Trans. Dennis Deletant. London: Forest, 1987. 13 ­15. Print. Stoker, Bram. Dracula. Salt Lake City: Project Gutenberg Literary Archive F oundation, 1995. Print. Treptow, Kurt W., and Marcel D. Popa. Historical Dictionary of Romania. Ed. Jon Woronoff. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 1996. Print. Links • • Transylvanian society – Canadian Chapter: www.ucs.mun.ca/~emiller • Fact vs Fiction & resources: www.vladtheimpaler.com ...
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