lecture11 - Todays Points 1. Between start of 1863 and...

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Today’s Points 1. Between start of 1863 and spring of 1865, meaning of Civil War and its objectives transform dramatically in North in response to escalating bloodshed, death, and suffering. 2. What began as a war to preserve the Union becomes something greater: a millennial crusade to reestablish and perfect American Union and its idea of Freedom by removing sin of slavery. “A New Birth of Freedom”: The Transformed Meaning of Civil War, 1863-1865 lecture 11 (13 October 2010) Pt. 1: The Union Searches for Meaning A. Military and Ideological Problems B. Lincoln and the Move toward Emancipation Lincoln and the Union Confront Three Problems, Late 1862 1. The Military Problem : high desertion and low volunteers, sense of death without meaning 2. Ideological Problem : no central purpose behind war. Declining popular support. 3. European intervention ? - British want their cotton! - French revenge for Seven Year War? - British taking US land back? - Transatlantic slave trade? Lincoln, the Slaves, and Emancipation Confiscation Acts of 1861 and 1862 : slaves (and their property) defined as “contrabands of war” - Cotton - Farms/housing defensive position - Water front shipping things
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lecture11 - Todays Points 1. Between start of 1863 and...

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