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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER16. Reconstruction 1. Black codes : allow local officials to arrest black people who could not document employment and residence or who were disorderly and sentence them to forced labor on farms or road crews. 2. Lost Cause : 3. Field order No.15 : William T. Sherman in January 1865 . Set aside a vast swath of abandoned and along the South Atlantic coast from the Charleston area to northern Florida for grants of up to 40 acres. 4. Sharecropping: By the late 1870s , most former slaves in the rural South had been drawn into a subservient position in a new labor system. The premise of this system was relatively simple: The landlord furnished the sharecroppers with a house, a plot of land to work, seed, some farm animals, and implements and advanced them credit at a store the landlord typically owned. In exchange, the sharecroppers promised the landlord a share of their crop, usually one-half. 5. Freemans Bureau : 1865, refugees, freeman, and abandoned lands, as a multipurpose agency to provide social, educational, and economic services, advice, and protection to former slaves and destitute white southerners. It make the federal governments first foray into social welfare legislation. 6. Scalawags: native white south. Scalawags have different opinions. Planters and merchants opposed easy debt and credit arrangements and the use of their taxes to support programs other railroads or port improvements. Farms opposed higher taxes, and needed the debt and credit. 7. Carpetbaggers: northern transplants. Many were union soldiers who simply enjoyed the climate and perhaps married a local woman. Most were drawn by economic opportunity. Most had supported the Republican Party before moved south, never comprised more than 2 percent of any states population. 8. Compromise of 1887: installed Hayes in the White House and gave Democrats control of every state government in the South. Republicans made vague promises to invest in the southern economy and support a southern transcontinental railroad. Democrats in southern pursued racists agenda. 9. The Fourteenth Amendment : Guaranteed that every citizen equality before the law. Prohibited States from violating the civil rights of their citizens, thus outlawing black codes. It gave states the choice of extending rights to black people or losing representation in the U.S. Congress. 10. The Tenure of Office Act : prohibited the President from removing certain officeholders without the Senates consent. limit presidential interference with their policies 11. The Fifteenth Amendment: guaranteed the right of American men to vote, regardless of race. Provided a loophole allowing states to restrict the right to vote based on literacy or property qualifications 12. Ku Klux Klan : founded in Tennessee by six Confederates veterans in 1866, the Klan was initially a social club. In 1867, when blacks entered politics in great numbers, the Klan unleashed a wave of terror CHAPTER17. A New South: Economic Progress and Social TraditionCHAPTER17....
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