C8e_04_Test_Bank

C8e_04_Test_Bank - Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 4 Carbon...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 4 Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Organic chemistry is a science based on the study of A) functional groups. B) vital forces interacting with matter. C) carbon compounds. D) water and its interaction with other kinds of molecules. E) inorganic compounds. Answer: C Topic: Concept 4.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 2) Early 19th-century scientists believed that living organisms differed from nonliving things as a result of possessing a "life force" that could create organic molecules from inorganic matter. The term given to this belief is A) organic synthesis. B) vitalism. C) mechanism. D) organic evolution. E) inorganic synthesis. Answer: B Topic: Concept 4.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 3) The experimental approach taken in current biological investigations presumes that A) simple organic compounds can be synthesized in the laboratory from inorganic precursors, but complex organic compounds like carbohydrates and proteins can only be synthesized by living organisms. B) a life force ultimately controls the activities of living organisms and this life force cannot be studied by physical or chemical methods. C) although a life force, or vitalism, exists in living organisms, this life force cannot be studied by physical or chemical methods. D) living organisms are composed of the same elements present in nonliving things, plus a few special trace elements found only in living organisms or their products. E) living organisms can be understood in terms of the same physical and chemical laws that can be used to explain all natural phenomena. Answer: E Topic: Concept 4.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4) One of the following people set up a closed system to mimic Earth's early atmosphere and discharged electrical sparks through it. A variety of organic compounds common in organisms were formed. Who did this? A) Stanley Miller B) Jakob Berzelius C) Friedrich Wohler D) Hermann Kolbe E) August Kekulé Answer: A Topic: Concept 4.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 5) Which of the following people used this apparatus to study formation of organic compounds? A) Stanley Miller B) Jakob Berzelius C) Friedrich Wohler D) Hermann Kolbe E) August Kekulé Answer: A Topic: Concept 4.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 6) Which of the following people was the first to synthesize an organic compound, urea, from inorganic starting materials? A) Stanley Miller B) Jakob Berzelius C) Friedrich Wohler D) Hermann Kolbe 2
Background image of page 2
E) August Kekulé Answer: C Topic: Concept 4.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 7) Which of the following people's synthesis of this compound from inorganic starting materials provided evidence against vitalism? A) Stanley Miller
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 21

C8e_04_Test_Bank - Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 4 Carbon...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online