01_introduction_ch01

01_introduction_ch01 - Human Anatomy Biology 71 Dr. Marcos...

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Human Anatomy Biology 71 Dr. Marcos Gridi-Papp Note: The source of the art included in the following slides is acknowledged within the notes for each slide. This presentation file is available in the course website.
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Overview Introduction Organ systems Anatomical terminology Body cavities
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Studying the organism Anatomy science of structure Physiology science of body functions
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Levels of organization Molecule Cell Tissue Organ System Organism
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Subdivisions of anatomy and physiology
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Levels of organization Molecule Cell Tissue Organ System Organism
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Integumentary system
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Skeletal system
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Muscular system
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Nervous system
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Endocrine system
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Cardiovascular system
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Lymphatic system
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Respiratory system
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Digestive system
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Urinary system
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Reproductive system - male
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Reproductive system - female
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The 11 body systems
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Life processes Metabolism breakdown of molecules building new components providing chemical energy for cells Responsiveness detect and respond to changes in internal or external environment
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Life processes Movement motion of the body, organ, cell, or cell component Growth increase in number or size of cells or the material found between cells Differentiation specialization of cells for a specific function Reproduction formation of individuals
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Homeostasis Maintaining the internal environment within physiological limits Examples: Blood glucose level is kept within narrow range 70-110/100 ml Temperature maintained at 36.7° C Hormone levels, fluid levels, etc.
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Basic anatomical terminology Anatomical position Regions of the body Anatomical planes, sections and directional terms
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01_introduction_ch01 - Human Anatomy Biology 71 Dr. Marcos...

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