HIS 322D Research - The Scientific Revolution is viewed as...

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The Scientific Revolution is viewed as a period of 200-300 years of great scientific progress that laid the foundations of modern science, creating a new methodology. The change in science during that period is viewed by historians to be so cataclysmic that it was named a revolution. However, after a careful look at the driving motives behind this progress and revaluating the actual change that took place; it is evident that the revolution was overrated. Isaac Newton is seen as the father of modern science due his work in natural philosophy and calculus. However, many fail to notice that this scientist who was seen as the epitome of the “Scientific Revolution”, in reality approached and conducted science in a contrary manner to widely held materialistic view; a view being the foundation fundamentals of modern science as we perceive it today. Thus the Scientific Revolution is incorrectly named because the ideas and methods supposedly created and used during the revolution were not new to mankind, nor did the founding fathers of the revolution actually study science as we understand it today. Francis Bacon was thought to have revolutionized the way science was conducted after the 17 th century with his new scientific method. He believed that the way science was being done was flawed and inaccurate. Bacon strongly believed that a sound scientific method using both induction and deduction together, which was rigorously tested by experiments and mathematics, should be applied in natural philosophy rather than just building on the old ideas that had been around. Describing this in his book, The New Organon , he said, “It is idle to expect any great advancement in the science from the super -inducing and engrafting of new things upon old. We must begin anew from the very foundations, unless we would revolve forever in a circle with mean and
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contemptible progress” (Bacon 46). Explaining further he concludes that one should not only use the knowledge and pre existing philosophies along with logic and reason, but also experimentation and hands on experience in order to hypothesize new ideas and
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HIS 322D Research - The Scientific Revolution is viewed as...

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