HIS 322D Research Paper

HIS 322D Research Paper - as a result of this landmark...

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as a result of this landmark breakthrough warranted the title of a revolution. However, upon closer examination of the progress that transpired during this era, it can be concluded that such a label for this era is excessive – that is, the period itself is overrated. For example, it is common knowledge that Isaac Newton is considered the progenitor of modern scientific theory due to the advancements he made in the fields of natural philosophy and calculus. However, what is often neglected is that this scientist – widely believed to be the vanguard of the Scientific Revolution – actually utilized a scientific approach that was at odds with the materialistic perspective – a view that serves as the basis for modern science to this day. Therefore, the label of “Scientific Revolution” is a misnomer because it implies that the “discoveries” that took place were unprecedented, whereas in reality, they were far from novel. Furthermore, none of the Founding Fathers assessed science in the way that contemporary scientists do today. Francis Bacon was believed to have revolutionized science with the introduction of his own scientific method. Bacon contended that previous scientific evaluations conducted hitherto his time were heavy-handed and devoid of accuracy. He eventually reached the conclusion that a combination of inductive and deductive approaches – both of which would be tested by a series of rigorous experiments – must be incorporated when dealing with natural philosophy. This notion stood in diametrical opposition to the previously relied-upon method of scientists emulating their forbears and utilizing ideas from the past. Expounding upon this in his book, The New Organon , Bacon explained, ““It is idle to expect any great advancement in the science from the super -inducing and engrafting of new things upon old. We must begin anew from the very foundations, unless we would revolve forever in a circle with mean and contemptible progress” 1 . He goes onto explain 1. Francis Bacon, The New Organon (1620), in Francis Bacon, The New Organon and Related Writings ed. Fulton H. Anderson New York : Liberal Arts Press, 1960. 46.
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that a proper scientist should not be content with drawing upon past explications, but must also be willing to develop new experiments to formulate new ideas about the phenomena around them. Bacon argued that without the joint usage of both induction and deduction, it would be impossible to conduct proper science. However, although the Aristotelian
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HIS 322D Research Paper - as a result of this landmark...

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