HistoryofScience - *Everything in RED was what I got from...

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*Everything in RED was what I got from the review. It was overall unhelpful, hence the lack of things pulled from it People Robert Boyle -Wrote New Experiments of Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring of the Air and its Effects (1660) -Boyle’s Law: Pressure x Volume=Constant o Describes the inversely proportional relationship between the absolute pressure and volume of a gas (if the temperature is kept constant within a closed system) (pressure x volume = constant) -Regarded as first modern chemist o One of the founders of modern chemistry -One of the pioneers of modern experimental scientific method. Famous for his Air pump which was designed by his assistant Robert Hooke Created standardized measures for turning experiments into proof of factual evidence Important to demonstrate a method for revealing experiments Ideally through public demonstration Devises written methods for creating a virtual experiment within a written text, boosting the credibility of experiments as scientific proof Personal Life FABULOUSLY WEALTHY EXTREMELY religious The ultimate purpose of things is only known to God Science must find out how things work in nature to better understand God’s mind Founder of the Royal Society of London Does not seek to understand the “ultimate essences” behind phenomena Drops the focus on final causes of things instead looks to discern the practical qualities of knowledge Job is to find out HOW things work Describe WHAT happens and HOW it happens, not WHY it happens Separated solid, observable facts from Cartesian speculative hypotheses Robert Hooke -Boyle’s Assistant -Wrote Micrographia (1665) ←Hinted to go over o Hooke laid out his observations with a microscope o Led him to work on biology; coined the word “cell” o Discussed the wave theory of light o The organic origin of fossils -In 1679, Hooke proposed that workings of the planetary systems could be explained by 3 principles: 1) All celestial bodies gravitate toward their own centers and draw other bodies within the sphere of their activity 2) All bodies move in straight lines unless “by some other effectual powers deflected and bent” into circular or elliptical orbits. 3) Attraction toward the center of a body weakens with distance
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-Accused Issac Newton of stealing his ideas about gravity and motion. Few took his side Was appointed the first “Curator of Experiments” for the Royal Society Expected to provide two separate experiments each week for the society Earned money and promoted himself with his socially superior counterparts After the death of Henry Oldenburg, Hooke became the second secretary of the Royal Society Created his own scientific journal to replace the now-deceased Philosophical Transactions Very unsuccessful and eventually failed Replaced by the Revamped Phil Trans with the appointment of Newton to the Presidency Christian Huygens -Astronomer and Mathematician
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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HistoryofScience - *Everything in RED was what I got from...

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